Modifiers

Modifers give you the ability to manipulate the data of your variables on the fly. They can manipulate strings, filter arrays and lists, help you compare things, do basic math, simplify your markup, play Numberwang, and even help you debug.


Anatomy of a Modifier

A modifer consists of a few parts. Let’s break it down.

{{ title | custom_modifier:neat }}
  • The first part? That’s just a regular old variable: title.
  • Next up, the modifier name: custom_modifier
  • And finally, a parameter: neat

Parameters are used to modify the behavior of a modifier. They could be anything from an integer or boolean to a variable reference. It’s up to you.

Example Class

Your modifier class must extend Statamic\Extend\Modifer.

The name of the file and class can differ depending on your situation. See Multiple Modifiers below.

<?php

namespace Statamic\Addons\Echo;

use Statamic\Extend\Modifier;

class EchoModifier extends Modifier
{
    public function index($value, $params, $context)
    {
        return $value . ' ' . $value;
    }
}

Multiple Modifiers

Since 2.6, an addon may have more than one modifier. One “primary” modifier, and multiple “secondary” modifiers.

Directory Structure

You may store your modifier classes either in the root directory, like so:

site/addons/Bacon
|-- BaconModifier.php
|-- BitsModifier.php
`-- meta.yaml

…or within a Modifiers directory/namespace if you wish to stay more organized:

site/addons/Bacon
|-- Modifiers
|   |-- BaconModifier.php
|   `-- BitsModifier.php
`-- meta.yaml

Primary vs. Secondary

An addon’s primary modifier will use the name of the addon.

{{ variable | your_addon }}

This will correspond to the Statamic\Addons\YourAddon\YourAddonModifier or Statamic\Addons\YourAddon\Modifiers\YourAddonModifier class.

Secondary modifiers will be use the name of the addon and the secondary name, delimited by a dot.

{{ variable | your_addon.secondary }}

This will correspond to the Statamic\Addons\YourAddon\SecondaryModifier or Statamic\Addons\YourAddon\Modifiers\SecondaryModifier class.

Generating

You can generate a modifier class file with a console command.

php please make:modifier AddonName

Note: This will only generate a primary modifier in the root directory.

Class Rules & Standards

  • The modifier only looks for the index() method.
  • If working with and manipulating dates, always return a Carbon instance.
  • If you don’t return anything, your modifier will be ignored.

Parameters and Context

The first and only required argument passed into index() will be the $value that needs modifying. We can do anything to this value as long as we return it when we’re done. Once returned, the template will either render it, or pass it along the next modifier in the chain.

The other two arguments are optional:

  • $params will be an array of any parameters.
  • $context will be an array of contextual data available at that position in the template.

A More Elaborate Example

Let’s say we need a modifier that repeats things. Maybe even delicious things.

<?php

namespace Statamic\Addons\Repeat;

use Statamic\Extend\Modifier;

class RepeatModifier extends Modifier
{
   public function index($value, $params, $context)
   {
       // Repeat twice by default
       $repeat = 2;

       // Get the parameter, if there is one
       if ($param = array_get($params, 0)) {
           // Either get the variable from the context, or if it doesn't exist,
           // use the parameter itself - we'll assume its a number.
           $repeat = array_get($context, $param, $param);
       }

       // Repeat!
       return str_repeat($value, $repeat);
   }
}

Given the following data:

times: 5
thing: Bacon

And template:

{{ thing | repeat }}
{{ thing | repeat:3 }}
{{ thing | repeat:times }}

You would find yourself with varying amounts of bacon.

BaconBacon
BaconBaconBacon
BaconBaconBaconBaconBacon

BaconBacon
BaconBaconBacon
BaconBaconBaconBaconBacon
Last modified on July 18, 2017